With world compressing everyday all services have reached to the pin point area of earth. Its a very wide industry in which cargo is moved from the source to destination by various modes of transport like land, water, air . Since the individual is not aware regarding much so the first fear is the damages or the assured delivery of cargo is possible to International destination with regards to time.
Appropriate measures for consignee in shipping:
1) Make sure the services chosen by you are reliable and have good proven records.
2) Have close look at all the services and terms and conditions offered by shipping provisional.
3) People involved with them in the work and if possible get in touch with their regular customer to have close look of the picture.
4) Whether shipping services cater services to all parts of America.
5) Is the shipping company providing the transportation brokers in International freights or you need to hire people independent brokers to carry all the documentation.
Less than truckload (Ltl) and Full truckload (Ftl) are terms in shipping.LTL is very similar to that of courier service in which not much load is allowed to carry and it can be tracked on web via the tracking code on the consignee slip. In Ftl the cargo has to be carried in some trailer to the destination. The petroleum and the chemical cargo's require special care and attention ,so are preferably sent in massive containers in trailer. Shippers of petroleum and chemicals generally choose ocean as their transportation mode. At the surface freight quote is less than the cost compared to other modes. The goods transportation is very much dependent on the brokers .
Basically the middle man who is technically aware of all the law procedures of the particular state to carry out necessary document work and gets it cleared through several norms and procedures. Its solely the responsibility of the freight care takers called as even brokers to ensure custom clearing, import and export clearing as well. Shipping services only pay the agents appointed generally by them. They are meant to carry all the paper work necessary of specific client's load. As agents are local people of that place so laws , norms and terms and conditions of shipping are well known to them. One may get the lowest quote of the freight with their help and knowledge.
Some other terminology used in shipping are:
Invoice : It is the official document between the shipping services and consignee of the goods . Commonly known as the receipt or bill of lading.
ETA and the EDA : The expected time of arrival of shipment in the destination country is called as ETA. EDA is expected time of departure from the time and date of your cargo leaving the originating country. Being a trader the price of the goods is surely expensive . See to it that you have done the insurance , have paid the freight cost till the ship and even the goods cost up-to the board. This is also called as CIF. Free on board service is the one in which the freight cost is paid by the consignee.